What is Criminal Law?
"The rules of statute and common law which direct that certain actions are punishable by the state. Each Australian jurisdiction has a body of criminal law...The criminal law in some Australian jurisdictions is governed by a statutory code: for example (WA) Criminal Code... In those jurisdictions without a code the criminal law is made up of both statutory offences and offences at common law which have not been repealed. In every jurisdiction there are other numerous criminal offences which form part of the criminal law..."
Encyclopaedic Australian Legal Dictionary (LexisNexis AU)