Referencing or citing your sources is an important part of academic writing. It lets you acknowledge the ideas or words of others if you use them in your work and helps avoid plagiarism.
Referencing also demonstrates that you've read relevant background literature and you can provide authority for statements you make in your assignments.
The Harvard citation style is the preferred referencing style for many disciplines of study at the University of Western Australia. It is an in-text referencing style. The Harvard citation style can vary in minor features such as punctuation, capitalisation, abbreviations, and the use of italics.
Click on the Introduction tab above to learn more about the anatomy of a Harvard citation.
The examples in this guide have been developed in collaboration with the UWA Business School. Always check with your lecturer/tutor for which citation style they prefer you to use.
EndNote users please note:
There are slight changes to some reference types in the Harvard Citation style in this guide which are not yet reflected in the uwa Harvard EndNote style. An updated uwa Harvard EndNote style is under development and will be available in the next few weeks.
|Books||Audiovisual and Music|
|eBooks||Standards and Patents|
|Cases and Legislation||Theses|
|Company Information||Tables and Figures|
|Conference Papers and Proceedings||Personal Communication|
|Newspapers||Citing Information someone else has cited|